Marcellus Shale Development and Drinking Water - Potential Risks and Selecting a Water Testing Laboratory for Well and Spring Water Fact Sheet FS-949 2012 Water is a valuable resource. Many homeowners are concerned about natural gas development associated with the Marcellus shale formation and their private water supply. This informational sheet
Marcellus Shale? Substantial amounts of water are required for the drilling and stimula-tion of a Marcellus Shale gas well. Fluids recovered from the well, includ-ing the liquids used for the hydrofrac, and any produced formation brines, must be treated and disposed of
the water supply. Marcellus Shale operators are presumed responsible for any water supply impacts that occur within 2,500 feet of the vertical wellbore section and within a year of drilling, stimulation, completion or alteration activities.
Roughly 65% of the water used for Marcellus Shale drilling comes from rivers, creeks, and lakes in Pennsylvania. The other 35% is purchased from municipalities by drilling companies. Water may be transported to the drill site by truck or through temporary pipelines installed underground.
Title goes here Water is a key component of the hydraulic fracturing and completions process, which creates paper-thin fractures in dense unconventional shale formations allowing the flow of hydrocarbons from the formation and into the well bore. A water management plan, including the identification of a
Marcellus Shale. DEPs Bureau of Oil and Gas Management regulates the safe exploration, development and recovery of Marcellus Shale natural gas reservoirs in a manner that will protect the commonwealths natural resources and the environment.
Marcellus Shale Water Treatment Options Worth Considering Each gas well in the Marcellus Shale uses two- to four- million gallons of water for drilling and fracturing and even more if the well must be re-fractured. As little as 25 percent and as much as 100 percent of the fracture water returns to the surface.
Water Management in the Marcellus Shale Page 1 Chapter 1 Introduction Natural gas represents an important energy source for the United States. According to the U.S. Department of Energys (DOEs) Energy Information Administration (EIA), about 22% of the
Shale Water Management Drivers Possible Solutions Barnett (TX) - Urban drilling. - Abundant disposal wells. - Dry climate. - Utilize low cost disposal. - Pipeline water to reduce trucking costs. Marcellus (PA) - Very limited disposal capacity. - Difficult terrain and climate. - Re-use of salt brine preferred for initial development of field.
The direction of horizontal drilling follows the natural fractures of shale rock. A typical Marcellus Shale well is drilled 5,000 to 9,000 feet vertically and up to 10,000 feet horizontally. About 34% of U.S. public water supply comes from groundwater sources, while the rest comes from surface water bodies like lakes, rivers, and reservoirs.
characterized and updated since the 2011 Marcellus shale play map include contoured elevation of the top of formation (structure), contoured thickness (isopach), paleogeography elements, and tectonic structures (regional faults and folds etc.), as well as play boundaries, well location, and initial wellhead
Researchers estimate the Marcellus Shale alone could contain as much as 363 trillion cubic feet of natural gas, enough to satisfy U.S. energy demands for about 14 years. Most drilling is now occurring in the Marcellus Shale region of Pennsylvania, with growing interest in West Virginia and New York. Because the Marcellus Shale is much thinner ...
Ways of Disposing of Flowback Water. Fracking companies across the nation use a multitude of methods for disposing of the flowback water they produce. Dependent on each states regulations for disposal, energy companies often have three different methods to choose from deep well injection, open air pits, or treatment and reuse of the water.
Aug 16, 2010 Baseline Water Quality Testing - Marcellus Shale Development What Parameters Should be Tested? Posted by Brian Oram, PG on August 16, 2010 at 1220pm View Blog For the past 20 years, I have stressed the importance of private well construction standards and getting your water tested for your private well or water source. Because of the ...
Produced Formation Water after Hydraulic Fracture (First 30 Days) Concentrations in Produced Formation Water by Shale Play Parameter (g/L) Barnett Fayetteville Haynesville Marcellus Benzene 1 97 1 140 1 3,460 1 1,950 Ethyl benzene 1 249 111 1 1,470 1 164
29 MARCELLUS SHALE COALITION Water Use In Perspective The 5 million gallons of water needed to drill and complete a typical deep shale gas well is equivalent to the amount of water consumed by New York City in approximately four minutes A 1,000 megawatt coal-fired power plant in 12 hours A golf course in 25 days
Linde is playing a serious role in the vast Pennsylvania Marcellus Shale boom. The company has laid hundreds of miles of gathering pipelines, connecting wellheads to transmission lines. Linde has built water draws to aid drilling operations, built well pads and compression stations and has constructed and operates two bulk transload facilities. Linde is poised
Antero Resources announced results from two Marcellus Shale completions drilled at a drill pad in Middlebourne Township in Tyler County, W. Va. The 1H Weese Unit has a total depth of 21,360 ft and a true vertical depth of 6,163 ft. It was tested flowing 216 bbl of oil with 5.724 MMcf of gas daily. It was fractured in 74 stages and production is from a perforated zone between 6,446 ft and ...
Mar 03, 2011 As a water utility, how does PWD approach the issue of Marcellus Shale drilling in the drinking water supply? Protecting Philadelphias drinking water sources is a primary mission of PWD and the assurance of a sustainable, clean source of drinking water
Nov 16, 2008 The process of developing Marcellus Shale gas wells typically requires larger volumes of water than is necessary for conventional gas wells. The bulk of the water required for the successful development of Marcellus Shale gas wells is utilized in the fracing process.
The Marcellus Shale lies under the Appalachian Basin, and spreads across New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, West Virginia, Maryland, Tennessee, Virginia and Kentucky. The shale play is one of the largest in terms of geographic area, and the United States Geological Survey (USGS) estimates the formations total area to be around 95,000 square miles, ranging in
Pittsburgh-based Water Provider for Shale Drillers Expanding. November 13, 2017 HydroEdge Solutions is on the grow. The company designs and operates temporary water lines for Marcellus/Utica drillers. The company started Continue Reading Marcellus Drilling News
Potential natural gas leakage into shallow, overlying formations and aquifers from Marcellus Shale gas drilling operations is a public concern. However, before natural gas could reach underground sources of drinking water (USDW), it must pass through several geologic formations. Tracer and pressure
How to access the Shale Network database? Use the following DOI to access the Shale Network database 10.4211/his-data-shalenetwork Methane Module. What is this?.. Exercises that guide participants through the initial stages of a hypothetical water supply complaint investigation where methane has been detected in surface water in Pa. Visit Carleton.edu to try it out.
Oct 23, 2010 If shale development continues to grow in the Marcellus, water usage for well fracking could reach 650 million barrels per year in Pennsylvania, New York and
Marcellus Shale, or Marcellus formation, is shale that spreads across parts of Pennsylvania, New York, West Virginia, Ohio, Maryland, and Virginia. Lying under the Appalachian Basin, the Marcellus Shale is an important resource of natural gas. In PA, the exploration, development, and recovery of the Marcellus Shale are strictly regulated by the ...
Increased stray gas abundance in a subset of drinking water wells near Marcellus shale gas extraction Robert B. Jacksona,b,1, Avner Vengosha, Thomas H. Darraha, Nathaniel R. Warnera, Adrian Downa,b, Robert J. Poredac, Stephen G. Osbornd, Kaiguang Zhao a,b, and Jonathan D. Karr aDivision of Earth and Ocean Sciences, Nicholas School of the Environment and bCenter on Global Change,
The Marcellus Shale extends from southern New York across Pennsylvania, and into western Maryland, West Virginia, and eastern Ohio (fig. 1). The production of commercial quantities of gas from this shale requires large volumes of water to drill and hydraulically fracture the rock. This water must be recovered from the well and disposed of ...
The net thickness of organic-rich Marcellus shale varies from less than 10 feet in western Pennsylvania along the Ohio border to over 250 feet in northeastern Pennsylvania. Major surface water resources in the Marcellus Shale area Susquehanna River Delaware River Chenango River Chemung River Ohio River Groundwater resources
Nov 20, 2010 But the larger problem is a systemic one, and in essence it comes down to this to develop the gas in the Marcellus fully, hundreds of millions of gallons of fresh water will have to be treated with a variety of chemicals. On average, it takes 2.7 million gallons of water to frack a Marcellus well, and it will be pumped deep into the earth.
Aug 16, 2021 FracTracker Alliance thanks the Marcellus Shale Coalition (MSC) for amplifying the reach of Water at Risk, our recent digital atlas exploring the impacts the oil and gas development in the Lycoming Creek watershed.In a way, their contorted rebuttals in the PA Environment Digest Blog and Marcellus Drilling News help increase awareness of the disconcerting scale of unconventional oil and ...
Marcellus Shale Water Pollution Risk 1385 Table I. Data Used for the Model Variables Variable Description P-Box Used Source F Drilling and fracturing uid on site MinMaxMean (9e3, 3e4, 1.7e4) 10,33 PR Portion of drilling and fracturing uid returned from the well MinMaxMean (0.1, 1, 0.3) 10,33,35 NC Number of hazmat truck crashes in the U.S. each year MinMaxMean (5,000, 7,800, 5,200) 32
Water Resource Reporting and Water Footprint from Marcellus Shale Development in West Virginia and Pennsylvania Prepared by Evan Hansen Dustin Mulvaney Meghan Betcher Downstream Strategies Morgantown, WV 26505 www.downstreamstrategies.com San Jose State University 1 Washington Square San Jose, CA 95112 Accountability Project PO Box 1102
Aug 24, 2021 Webinar Overview An investigation of 74 Marcellus Shale wells across northcentral West Virginia indicates changes in produced water chemistry and hydrocarbon production can be related to geologic conditions based on well logs and core data. Moving west to east from Harrison County to Taylor County, then north into Monongalia County, gamma-ray ...
Nov 09, 2009 The natural radioactivity of the Marcellus Shale has caused concern since the mid-1980s, when high levels of radon gas were found in the basements of homes in Marcellus, a town in upstate New York ...